4 healthy diets that could extend your life: study

According to researchers who analyzed decades of data collected on more than 119,000 adults, you can reduce the risk of premature death by almost 20% simply by eating more foods from four healthy eating habits.

The study, published in JAMA Internal Medicine on Monday, found that people who followed the “highest quality diets” were 20% less likely to die prematurely from cancer, cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease. and neurodegenerative during the study.

Notably, researchers have found the link between healthy eaters and a lower risk of death in different racial and ethnic groups, including Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, and non-Hispanic white individuals.

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The “highest quality diets” included all four dietary pattern indices (Healthy Eating Index 2015, Alternate Mediterranean Diet, Healthful Plant-based Diet Index, and Alternate Healthy Eating Index).

The new study, published Monday in JAMA Internal Medicine, found that people who ate the

The new study, published Monday in JAMA Internal Medicine, found that people who ate the “highest quality diets” were 20% less likely to die prematurely from certain diseases.
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All share key components, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes, although other components differ across different diets.

“Our conclusions are in line with the recommendations of the DGAs [Dietary Guidelines for Americans] for multiple healthy eating habits for all American individuals with diverse cultural and personal dietary traditions and preferences,” concluded corresponding author Frank B. Hu, MD, of Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health in Boston, Massachusetts. .

Various colorful legumes and beans — top view.  All participants were free of cardiovascular disease or cancer at the start of the study.

Various colorful legumes and beans — top view. All participants were free of cardiovascular disease or cancer at the start of the study.
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The researchers used health data collected over 36 years from two long-term studies. The first looked at 75,230 women from the Nurses’ Health Study (1984-2020) and the second looked at 44,085 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-2020).

All participants were free of cardiovascular disease or cancer at the start of the study.

Un régime recommandé est le régime méditerranéen,<strong> </strong>which emphasizes the consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, legumes, fish and plenty of olive oil.”/></source></source></source></source></picture></div>
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A recommended diet is the Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes the consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, legumes, fish and plenty of olive oil.
(Stock)

Among the two study groups, food frequency questionnaires were completed every four years (from 1984 for the NHS and in 1986 for the HPFS), allowing the researchers to determine to what extent 75,230 women and 44,085 men in both studies adhered to one of four healthy eating habits: the Healthy Eating Index 2015 (HEI-2015), the Alternate Mediterranean Diet (AMED) score, the Healthful Plant-Based Diet Index (HPDI), and the Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI).

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The researcher scored participants on how well they followed four healthy eating styles that are in line with current US dietary guidelines and used participants’ death records to determine any association with eating habits.

People often get bored with one way of eating, Hu explained, “so that’s good news. It means we have a lot of flexibility in terms of creating our own healthy eating habits that can be tailored to individual dietary preferences, health conditions and cultures.

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“For example, if you eat healthy from the Mediterranean, and after a few months you want to try something different, you can switch to a DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet, or you can switch to a semi-vegetarian diet. “Hu said.

“Or you can follow US dietary guidelines and create your own healthy plate.”

The results were published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.

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