New Delhi: Union Home Secretary Amit Shah said on Wednesday that it was the armed revolutions against the British in India that formed the basis of the success of the Congress-led nonviolent movement.
He added that despite lighting the flame of patriotism in the hearts of millions of Indians and leading them to join the struggle for independence, the armed revolution and its militants never had the due importance in the history of India’s freedom struggle.
The Home Secretary was speaking at the launch of the book, Revolutionaries — The Other Story of How India Won Its Freedom, by Sanjeev Sanyal, an economist and member of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council.
“If it hadn’t been for the parallel streams of armed movements, achieving independence would have taken a few more decades,” Shah said.
“It is true that the movement of non-violence against the British had its own significance and contribution to the liberation of India. But to say that the armed revolution was insignificant; to prove the importance of the nonviolent movement by presenting the armed revolution as sporadic, disorganized and individual struggles, is not correct,” he added.
Shah said India’s armed revolution for independence was not done justice in the way history was written and, on an emotional note, said “the people who had the responsibility of tell the full story of India’s independence movement and from an Indian perspective have not done their job well. »
“They don’t know that on the day Bhagat Singh was executed, every family from Lahore to Kanyakumari was so choked with grief that they couldn’t have their meal,” Shah said, adding “it kindled the flame of patriotism in the heart of every Indian”. and no one can deny that he galvanized the struggle for freedom.
“Just because Bhagat Singh’s supreme sacrifice did not immediately lead to independence does not make his sacrifice less important. This is true not only for Bhagat Singh but also for the entire stream of armed revolution,” he added.
He also asked if the consciousness evoked by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s poem Vande Mataram and the movement of the Gadar party were not important.
Aiming at Congress, without naming the rival political party, Shah said: “I am in the field of politics, so I don’t want to delve into this issue here because it could lead to politicization, but it is true that these revolutionaries do not never had a proper place in our history.
Congress, Shah added, did not present Purna Swaraj’s request until 1930.
Without taking any names, Shah lashed out at left-liberal and communist historians using terms such as Angrez and Angreziat. “This story is written from the perspective of Angreziat after the Angrez left India.”
The Home Secretary noted that Sanyal’s book focuses on lesser known strands of India’s freedom struggle and breaks the shackles of popular belief which he said has been implanted in the public psyche by repeatedly hammering them through education, legends and historical writing.
“If we analyze the history of India’s independence struggle, we find that various individuals, organizations, thoughts, ideologies and paths were aimed at achieving the same goal. Freedom was finally the result of their collective efforts,” he added.
“Pride of heritage and freedom from symbols of slavery are two important elements of the Panch Prans mentioned by the Prime Minister (Narendra Modi). Citizens who don’t feel proud of their heritage cannot make a great nation. And people who carry traditions, beliefs and thoughts that were imbued during the time of slavery cannot free the nation from the thought process of the shackles of slavery,” he added, calling historians and students of history to write “a correct and glorious history of India. fight for independence” by identifying 300 personalities and 30 great empires other than the Mughals who ruled for more than 200 years.
Sanyal’s book examines the life of nationalist leader Veer Savarkar, spiritual leader Sri Auribindo, who dreamed of making India Viswaguru, Gadar Movement, Andaman cell prison, Republic of Hindustan Association, the Chittagong Arms Raid and Netaji’s valiant exploits, Shah noted. .