Non-discriminatory against Chinese travelers

South Korea hit back on Tuesday at claims that its Covid rules for Chinese travelers are “discriminatory”, saying more than half of its imported cases are from China.

In a response to CNBC, Seung-ho Choi, deputy director of Korea’s Disease Control and Prevention Agency, said up to 80% of “confirmed imported cases” in South Korea are from China.

Choi said the number of people from China who tested positive for Covid-19 increased 14 times from November to December.

Choi also said his policies cover “all Korean nationals and non-Korean nationals coming from China. It’s not just limited to Chinese people. There’s no discrimination for nationality to that extent.”

Citing South Korea’s proximity to China, Choi said an increase in infections in China could put South Korea at risk.

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“The COVID-19 situation in China continues to worsen…which has created the possibility of new variants being detected,” he said.

The omicron variant swept through China in December, after authorities relaxed strict contact tracing requirements that had forced many people to stay close to home for nearly three years. Since January 8, Beijing has officially relaxed its international border controls, opening the door to more travel in and out of the country.

A dangerous new variant of Covid is unlikely to spread in China, Dr. Chris Murray, Seattle-based director of a health research center at the University of Washington, told CNBC in late December.

China suspends visas

More than a dozen countries have announced new rules for travelers departing from China. Most require travelers departing from China to test negative for Covid before arriving – the same requirement China has for international travelers to the mainland.

But South Korea and Japan – two of the main destinations for Chinese travelers – said they were not increasing flights in response to the reopening of Chinese borders. South Korea has also announced its intention to limit short-term visas to travelers from China.

Chinese embassies in South Korea and Japan announced on Tuesday that they would stop issuing visas to “Korean nationals” and “Japanese citizens”.

Thai officials greet Chinese passengers at Suvarnabhumi Airport in Bangkok on January 9, 2023.

Rachen Sageamsak | Xinhua News Agency | Getty Images

The announcement from the Chinese Embassy in Korea said the rule would apply to visas for tourism, business and medical reasons, and that it “follows China’s national guidelines,” according to a CNBC translation.

“China firmly rejects a handful of countries’ discriminatory entry restriction measures targeting China and will take reciprocal measures,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said on Tuesday.

‘Lack of transparency’

Choi, from South Korea, said the policy decisions were made after “extensive discussions with relevant ministries and experts”.

Noting that “the Chinese government has stopped releasing data on confirmed cases daily,” Choi said the measures were “inevitable.”

US State Department spokesman Ned Price told a press briefing on Wednesday that the United States requires travelers from China to pass tests before departure due to the “spread” and the “prevalence” of infections in China, “but also due to the lack of adequate and transparent viral epidemiological and genomic sequence data reported by the PRC.”

“It is the lack of transparency that has heightened our concern that a variant could emerge in the PRC and potentially spread far beyond its borders,” he said.

‘Very just’

As a responsible member of the international community, we will share the Covid-19 data we analyze with the world.

Seung-ho Choi

Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency

Still, a Shanghai-based finance professional, who asked us to call him Derek, called South Korea’s restrictions “very fair”.

“None of my friends would take a flight full of Covid positive people,” he said.

Chinese citizen Cheryl Yang said that for many in China, travel is the least of their concerns.

“A lot of people I know have been sick or [are] sick and a lot of children are not going to school,” she said. “Travel would be a side issue at the moment.

“Only temporary”

Choi said the new Covid travel restrictions in South Korea are “only temporary” and were designed to “give the highest priority to the health and safety of people residing in South Korea”.

The surge in Covid infections sweeping China may mean the country can quickly overtake epidemics, allowing the economy to rebound quickly – some say, as early as the second quarter of 2023.

Learn more about reopening China

Noting that China’s reopening is progressing faster than expected, an HSBC Global Research report released on Jan. 5 said “China will emerge from Covid-19 and rebound strongly from 2Q23.”

Meanwhile, Choi said, “We will do everything we can to help the world overcome the pandemic.”

“As a responsible member of the international community, we will share the Covid-19 data we analyze with the world,” he said.

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